Sum School
Summer School 2021

Cross-border Transfer of Cultural Objects: the Law, Challenges and Practice

Start date
End date
Leiden or The Hague


This year, the Centre for Global Heritage and Development's summer school will focus on heritage protection and the trade in cultural objects. Given the increase of legislation in this field, which standards are exactly in place? How to assure oneself that the provenance of an object is lawful, and what are the standards for cultural objects looted in the past? Besides, what is the role of law enforcement? In an interdisciplinary setting, with scholars and professionals from the fields of law, heritage, and art, we will analyse the mechanisms that are in place to prevent that cultural objects are looted, acquired or traded unlawfully.

 Four major themes structure the summer school:

  • Day 1: discusses the practices and problems of collecting cultural objects and will bring in-depth discussions of case-studies exemplifying contemporary issues with collecting.
  • Day 2: will focus on the international legal framework for heritage protection and the art trade, with attention for regional measures as well as for ‘historical’ looted art cases such as Nazi-looted art and Indigenous Peoples’ lost cultural property.
  • Day 3: is dedicated to the broad concept of enforcement and will provide presentations from organisations such as ICOM.
  • Day 4: is dedicated to the role of due diligence standards and provenance research, with presentations from art market professionals.

The summer school takes place in The Hague (in hybrid format) from 23 – 26 August.

More information will appear here in the next few weeks. If you are already interested to join, please send an email to

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